Microsoft Windows Explanation & It's Functions

Microsoft Windows:

Microsoft Windows Explanation & It's Functions
Microsoft Windows Explanation


Microsoft Windows is constantly changing in this multimedia era, for example, first, there was Windows 3.1, then Windows 95, then Windows 98, and then the most popular version known as 2000.

The special feature is that it gives you immense features along with online help. After that Windows XP was invented and today the most used operating system for personal computers is Windows XP XP.

Windows 98:

In 1998, Microsoft introduced Windows 98- with new additions and features. It is a 32-bit operating system, this operating system is twice as fast as its predecessor.

Through this, files on the computer network and the Internet can be opened, viewed, and copied. It can work on several programs simultaneously. This is called a multitasking operating system.

Windows 2000 Professional:

It is also called Windows NT i.e. New Technology. Windows 98 was designed from a user perspective while Windows 2000 is designed from a business perspective.

Windows 2000 supports several file systems, including the NT file system, also known as NTFS. Windows 2000 has a much better security system.

Large computer networks can be controlled through it. It has two versions one for general PC and another for server. It is a multi-user operating system. It can be used by many people at the same time.

Windows XP:

Windows XP is better than the previous version and has many media facilities like digital, audio, camera and video, etc. Icons, menus, and windows have been styled more modern.

Best for listening to music, photo editing, and watching DVDs. Also, a network management system that integrates the network and the Internet.

Windows XP also includes a video editing program called Windows Movie Maker. can go. Two editions of Windows XP have been released.

Windows XP Home Edition:

It is intended to provide greater user convenience as Internet-sharing operating systems perform better and provide an early upgrade path for Windows 98 users.

Windows XP Professional Edition:

It provides Windows 2000 upgrades and tools needed for business-related processing, such as improved networking systems. It is good for small businesses.


Desktop in Windows consists of the following three components.

Eye Icon:

Icons appear on the computer screen that is associated with Windows, Office, software, or folders.


Wallpaper The picture in the background of the computer screen is called wallpaper.

Task Bar:

The parallel bar at the bottom of the computer screen displays the Start button and the Clock taskbar Task.

Control Panel:

Control Panel Control Panel is a group of tools used to change hardware and software settings. Every single item in Windows can be changed and all these changes can be done using Control Panel.

Click on the Start button on the taskbar and select Control Panel from the Settings sub-menu. If you click on it, the Control Panel window will open which contains the following items.

1. Add New Hardware

2. Add Remove Programme

3. Date and Time

4. Display

5. Mouse

6. Printer

7. Modem

8. User Account

9. Folder Option

10. System

11. Key Board

12. Internet Option

Device Manager Or Device Driver:

Device Manager or Device Driver Device driver refers to the device manager, it is seen as Stum in the control panel.

Click on Hardware and after that click on Device Manager in the window that will open then the list of Device Managers will open which includes the list of all Hardware Hardware.

In it, you can see the driver of the hardware, which driver is installed and which one is not, usually a VGA card, sound card, LAN card, and modem driver you can check and if installed, its model can also see.

Disk Defragmenter:

Disk Defer's integrated defragmenter is a system tool that organizes the fragmented files on the hard disk so that the computer can access them quickly. Run it on your computer at least once a month, if not weekly, as it fixes minor issues within the files. It can be opened in Windows as follows.

  • Click on Start Button and go to Programs
  • Accessories
  • System tools and click on the disk defragmenter icon

Windows File System:

A file system is a scheme under which data files and directories are stored on disk and retrieved from there. Microsoft Windows supports several types of file systems including 16 FAT 32, FAT, and NTFS.


FAT stands for File Allocation Table, it keeps track of where files are stored on the hard disk.

FAT 16:

It stands for File Allocation Table. It is used by the operating system to obtain information about the location of a file on a disk. This system is useful for floppy and small hard disks. This system was used in Dos.


Abbreviation for New Technology File System. Windows NT used the NTFS system. Unlike FAT, large file names can be kept in it. Its security system is much better.

It supports large hard disks up to two 2 terabytes in size. Note that Windows 2000 and Windows XP XP will be installed on this file system, while Windows 98 will not be installed.

FAT 32:

FAT 16 invented a new file system combining the shortcomings of FAT and the advantages of NTFS. It was named 32 FAT. It is a 32-bit file system with twice the speed of 16 FAT.

This file system also supports Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows XP. That is, all windows can be installed on this file system.

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